Skip to main content
Avg ER Wait
Checking ER Wait Time
The feed could not be reached
TriStar Centennial Medical Center

Heart Valve Replacement May Be Getting Safer for Seniors

Heart Valve Replacement May Be Getting Safer for Seniors

Study of aortic valve procedure finds death rates, hospital readmissions have dropped

TUESDAY, Nov. 19, 2013 (HealthDay News) -- A growing number of American seniors are having heart valve replacements, and their risk of complications and death from the surgery is decreasing, new research finds.

"Aortic valve replacement is standard treatment even for very elderly patients despite its risks in this age group," according to background information in the study, which appeared Nov. 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Traditionally, this surgery has involved coronary artery bypass graft surgery. In this procedure, a surgeon takes blood vessels from other parts of the body and uses them to reroute blood flow around a blocked blood vessel in the heart.

A less invasive method called transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a newer option that is also being used, the researchers said.

They wanted an updated look at results following heart valve replacement surgeries, so they analyzed data from nearly 83 million Medicare patients who underwent the procedure between 1999 and 2011. During that time, the amount of these surgeries being performed increased in all age, sex and race groups, and most notably among patients aged 75 and older.

Death rates 30 days after the procedure decreased by an average of 4.1 percent a year during the study period, while death rates one year after the procedure fell by 2.5 percent, according to a journal news release.

Readmissions to the hospital 30 days after the procedure decreased by 1.1 percent per year.

Use of the more invasive bypass surgery also decreased during the study period.

"These findings may provide a useful benchmark for outcomes of aortic valve replacement surgery for older patients eligible for surgery [who are] considering newer transcatheter treatments," said researcher Dr. Jose Augusto Barreto-Filho, of the Federal University of Sergipe, in Brazil.

More information

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons has more about heart valve replacement ( ).

SOURCE: Journal of the American Medical Association, news release, Nov. 17, 2013

The health information in this Health Library is provided by a third party. TriStar Health does not in any way create the content of this information. It is provided solely for informational purposes. It does not constitute medical advice and is not intended to be a substitute for proper medical care provided by a physician. Always consult with your doctor for appropriate examinations, treatment, testing, and care recommendations. Do not rely on information on this site as a tool for self-diagnosis. If you have a medical emergency, call 911.