(Foodborne Disease; Foodborne Infection)
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- Poisons produced by bacteria
- Amoeba or parasites
- Poor hygiene
- Poor refrigeration
- Lack of knowledge of safe food preparation
- Weakened immune system, including during pregnancy
- Age: infants and elderly
- Take acetaminophen for fever, aches, and pains.
- Place a hot water bottle or heating pad on your stomach to help relieve abdominal pain.
- Start by drinking only clear liquids or sucking on ice chips. Then, try eating soft, bland foods if you can do so without vomiting.
- If consuming milk products worsens symptoms, avoid them for several days.
- Check with your doctor before you use antidiarrheal medications.
- Only eat and drink milk products that are pasteurized.
- Wash your hands thoroughly before touching food.
- Cook foods thoroughly.
- Always rinse fresh fruits and vegetables before eating them. Peel away any skin or rind.
- Be particularly careful when preparing chicken.
- Never put cooked meat on a surface that previously had raw meat on it.
- Use separate cutting boards for meat and other foods.
- Don't prepare any recipes that use raw egg. You can use powdered egg products in place of a fresh egg.
- Don't eat food that has been outside a refrigerator for more than two hours, or one hour in very hot weather.
- Set your refrigerator temperature to below 40°F (4ºC).
- If you can your own food, follow sterilization directions carefully.
- If you have a weakened immune system or are pregnant, don't eat raw shellfish, rare meat, or unpasteurized dairy products.
If you are traveling:
- Drink bottled water, not tap water.
- Don't order drinks with ice.
- Eat cooked fruits and vegetables instead of raw ones.
- Don't eat food from street vendors.
American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
Gateway to Government Information About Food Safety http://www.foodsafety.gov
The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org
Canadian Partnership for Consumer Food Safety Education http://www.canfightbac.org
Conn HF, Rakel R. Conn’s Current Therapy . 54th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 2002.
Food poisoning. American Academy of Family Physicians. Family Doctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/firstaid/basics/923.html . Updated February 2011. Accessed March 22, 2013.
Food poisoning. FoodSafety.gov website. Available at: http://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/index.html. Accessed March 22, 2013.
Food poisoning. Nemours' KidsHealth.org website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/kid/ill%5Finjure/sick/food%5Fpoisoning.html. Updated March 2012. Accessed March 22, 2013.
Sleisenger M, Fordtran J, Feldman M, Scharschmidt B. Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease . 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 1998.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 03/22/2013 -